How to identify and treat osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

back pain with osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is accompanied by damage to the joint cartilage and bone tissue.

This disease affects people who, depending on their profession or lifestyle, are inactive. It is the lack of mobility that ensures the loss of elasticity and mobility of the intervertebral discs and after a while they deform and erase.

The result of this deformation is a decrease in the distance between the vertebrae, and the nerve endings located between them are pinched.

This fact leads to pain.

Who is susceptible to this disease

By the time he reaches 30, few people can tell he didn't have a narrow back. With age, this unpleasant manifestation only worsens. Compared with all known cases of osteochondrosis, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine occupies almost 90%. If the disease is not treated in the early stages, when gymnastics can eliminate the unwanted consequences, the disease can be started.

Causes of the appearance of lumbar osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine appears as a result of improper load on the vertebral organ. There are enough reasons this disease is progressing:

  • The presence of congenital defects in this area;
  • Changes and violations of the hormonal background;
  • Curvature of posture;
  • Low physical activity;
  • Traumatic injury;
  • chemical attack;
  • Hypothermia;
  • Frequent lifting of weights in jerks;
  • Increased nervousness;
  • The presence of infections in the body;
  • Overweight;
  • Flat feet;
  • Hypothermia.

Heredity also plays a significant role in the onset of osteochondrosis. Having relatives with such a disease, it is necessary to take preventive measures more seriously.

Lumbar osteochondrosis has its own symptoms

Lumbar osteochondrosis, the symptoms of which consist of various pains and strains in a specific muscle group. The pain that occurs with this disease is not the same. Distinguish between aching, sudden and sharp, stabbing or burning pain. There is an increase in pain when making sudden movements, coughing and sneezing, lifting weights.

Lumbar spine osteochondrosis, along with pain, is characterized by nausea, vomiting, headache and dizziness. With osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, symptoms such as dizziness, double vision, dysfunction of the urethra and functioning of the genitals are possible.

Due to the abundance of symptoms, osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine is very difficult to miss. And if you find even just some of the symptoms listed, you need to go to the hospital.

How is osteochondrosis treated?

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine can be in several ways. The choice of method depends on the degree of development of the disease.

Stages of the disease:

  • In the first stage, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine begins with a dull pain in the lumbar region during heavy lifting. At this time, there is a violation of the intervertebral discs.
  • In the second stage of the development of osteochondrosis, the intervertebral distance decreases and the fibrous ring is destroyed. It is during this period that the nerve endings are pinched. This procedure is very painful for the lower back. The painful reaction of the lumbosacral region radiates to the thigh, gluteal region and lower leg.
  • In the third stage of the development of osteochondrosis, the destruction of the fibrous rings is observed. It is at this time that the formation of intervertebral hernias begins. This stage of the disease is characterized by intense and persistent pain.
  • At the fourth stage, due to severe spinal deformity, it becomes very difficult for the patient to move. The pain becomes constant, but even the rare intervals without it do not please the patient. Disease in this form can lead to disability.

The attack of the second stage is accompanied, in addition to pain, by increased sweating and skin "chills". The duration of each subsequent attack increases from the previous one.

Lumbar spine osteochondrosis can be treated with or without surgery. Operations in the treatment of osteochondrosis are carried out every tenth case. In other cases, complex treatment is used. There are four ways to treat osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine with a non-surgical method:

  • Medication treatment;
  • Therapeutic gymnastic exercises;
  • Treatment with leeches;
  • Massage and acupuncture.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine with drug therapy begins with a medical examination. Based on the results of computed tomography, X-rays and MRI therapy, the doctor prescribes treatment. In many cases, the list of drugs includes pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as muscle relaxants and stimulants.

Starting from the third stage of the disease, it is possible to cure osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine by a surgical method. Here it is necessary to use all the internal resources of the body. For this, a soft spine stretching technique is used in combination with reflexology, massage, point technique and special exercises.

Gymnastic exercises for osteochondrosis

  • Wait on the bar for a little over a minute;
  • The body bends in different directions up to 10 exercises;
  • Movement of the pelvis back and forth;
  • Standing on all fours with outstretched arms, bend your back up and down 15 times;
  • Ride on an imaginary bicycle while lying on your back;
  • Lie on your back, press and stretch your legs 15 times alternately;
  • Push-ups from the floor for 10-15 repetitions;
  • On your knees with your arms extended to the ground, bend your body in half and return to the starting position.

Performing daily exercises of this type, it is possible not only to prevent the appearance of osteochondrosis, but also to reduce the symptoms of this disease.

When walking, you need to monitor your posture. The correct posture consists in finding the head on the same vertical line as the back. At this point, the shoulders are in a straightened state, which will provide a flat back surface with no protruding shoulder blades. A tummy in will allow you to push your chest forward. All these comments must be constantly implemented to avoid the development of osteochondrosis.

How to treat osteochondrosis without drugs

Treatment with folk remedies can relieve the symptoms of the disease and reduce pain, but in no way cure the existing disease. Along with the treatment prescribed by the doctor, folk remedies can do a good job, but they should not be taken as the basis of treatment.

Of the non-drug treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, it is worth highlighting:

  • manual therapy;
  • massage;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • acupuncture;
  • apitherapy.

With the help of manual therapy, it is possible to determine the cause of the onset of the disease and prevent its development. In addition, a manual doctor is able to relieve pain attacks. Manual therapy is vaguely reminiscent of massage, as the chiropractor's area of influence is the back and he works with the help of his hands.

However, the massage actions are designed for muscle tissue, while manual therapy affects the vertebrae and ligaments. And this effect is achieved with the use of some effort. The main thing here is to correctly calculate the force. For this, the qualifications and experience of a chiropractor are important.

Physiotherapy is very versatile. In a specific case, it is necessary to resort to an amplifier. This type of physiotherapy, when the affected area is affected by modulated sinusoidal currents. Using this procedure, analgesic, neuromyostimulating, trophic and vasodilatory effects can be achieved.

The second physiotherapy that can trigger the regeneration process, reduce pain and eliminate inflammation is UHF therapy. Its action is based on a very high frequency magnetic field.

lumbar osteochondrosis massage

Massage procedures for osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine are based on the use of a particular massage technique, when simple stroking, squeezing and kneading is preferred.

Also, for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the massage can lightly shake and rub the surface of the back.

Performing massage actions is performed in the supine position of the patient. Preference is given to hard surfaces for massage.

In this case, a small roller or pillow is placed under the stomach. The shins should be lifted 45 degrees at this point. The position of the head at this stage should be below the level of the sofa, but not float freely, but lean on the support.

To achieve the best massage effect, it is performed with warming agents. It is possible to perform massage actions after thermal procedures.

Acupuncture refers to the methods of reflexology and allows you to relieve the patient of muscle spasm and increase blood flow in the tissues. Reflexology includes Kuznetsov's applicator. It is applied to the sore spot. The duration of a session on this applicator does not exceed 20 minutes. Lying on a thorny mat for 5 minutes a day can relieve pain and relax tense muscles. This home doctor is sold in pharmacies at affordable prices.

Osteochondrosis is treated by affecting 5-7 active points located on the human body. This procedure is performed by a qualified neurologist.

Apitherapy is accompanied by treatment with bee stings. The bites are made in the active points of the spine and resemble acupuncture. Bee venom can heat and relieve inflammation, relieve pain, and improve joint mobility. Bee venom has a tonic effect and is distinguished by its duration of action and persistent effective sign.

As folk remedies for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral region, there are:

  • rubbing with bee venom
  • formic alcohol
  • apply pepper plaster.

If you want to use folk remedies, it is important to get the approval of the attending physician in this regard.

Acute back pain can be relieved by:

  • propolis plates;
  • wax compresses;
  • honey compresses with aloe juice;
  • honey poultices.

Diet as a prevention of osteochondrosis

Preventive measures for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine do not require a strict diet. Particular attention in the diet is reserved for dairy products, fresh vegetables, aromatic herbs, fruit and fruit jellies. It is very useful to use olive oil and lemon juice in the diet.

Purified mineral water is preferred as a drink. And as a second dish, you need to eat protein products, jellied or jellied meat, sea fish as often as possible. In addition, food products for patients with osteochondrosis should contain a lot of calcium, vitamins A and D, B and C, magnesium and phosphorus.

Products containing chondoprotectors are very useful for patients with lumbar osteochondrosis. Such products include animal cartilage in combination with germinated grains of wheat and other grains.

Pregnancy is one of the reasons for the development of lumbosacral osteochondrosis.

Pregnant women in late pregnancy are at risk of developing osteochondrosis. Since an increase in fetal weight contributes to a shift in the center of gravity of the body, creating an incorrect load on the lumbar region of the back. Together with the change in metabolism and the lack of important vitamins and minerals, favorable conditions are obtained that favor the development of the disease.

Considering that the number of drugs and physiotherapeutic procedures is minimized at this stage, so when osteochondrosis occurs in a pregnant woman, treatment must be prescribed and coordinated by doctors - a therapist and a gynecologist.

Harmless methods used to prevent osteochondrosis of a pregnant woman include special bandages and corsets, frequent walks, gymnastics for pregnant women, and a specialized vitamin course.