Osteochondrosis is common, the pathology of the vertebral column, characterized by degenerative changes in the structure of the cartilage discs of the vertebrae and the base os. To a certain extent, the low back pain occurs in most people after the age of 30. The symptoms of cervical osteoarthritis varied that it is often difficult to make the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment.
General signs and symptoms of cervical osteoarthritis
Osteochondrosis process affects any of the divisions of the vertebral column, or several at once. The most exposed of the pathology in the lumbar and cervical vertebrae, as more sensitive loads, in the force of the anatomy of the human skeleton. The effects of degenerative disc disease of the spine in the cervical region give more of the disadvantages and potential complications, because the neck is an area rich in neuro-vascular of the road, many of which feed directly into the brain.
For this reason, the clinical symptoms in the low back pain cervical much related to the ischemic regions of the brain. In addition, the nerve roots, ensuring the sensitivity and motor activity of the hand and the shoulder, when the pressure destroyed spinal discs can give a variety of symptomatic of the image.
The signs of degenerative disc disease of the neck depends on the systems of the body affected by the pathology:
- Damaged blood circulation due to the compression of the board of trustees of the vertebral arteries determines most of the symptom of the part of the brain.
- The compression of the nerve roots that come out of the vertebrate holes, gives a picture of lesions of the nerves are peripheral.
- Entrapment of parts of the spinal cord is associated with serious neurological disorders pathologies observed in advanced cases.
Here is an overview of global clinical degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine.
Pain in the nape of the neck and the region
It is the most common symptom. The location of the pain can be extensive, affecting the shoulders, clavicular area, the thorax, passing to intense migraine headaches. The character of the pain depends on the location of the lesion and the degree of severity of the pathology. In a first step, the development of the disease, the pain can be quickly transient, gradually becomes chronic, dull. In moments the aggravations of the pain is throbbing, with a tone of the muscles of the neck and the movement of the head.
Often, the pain during osteochondrosis cervical can be localized behind the sternum, in this case, many patients take this symptom for angina pectoris. The differentiation can be done by taking a pill of nitroglycerin – the pain due to osteochondrosis, it is removed.
The noise, the ringing, feeling of fullness in the ears
These symptoms are often joined to the drop of the hearing. These phenomena are related to the decrease of blood inflow of the board of trustees of the vertebral arteries in the vestibular nerve of the unit. The data services of symptoms is called implants, or cochlear chikungunya, and not always possible to determine its relationship with osteochondrosis in the cervical region. Specific sign of differentiation is that the noise, congestion, and tinnitus are felt during a change of position, after a long stay in one position.
The dizziness is also conditioned by the violation of the inflow of blood to the organs of the inner ear, providing equilibrium to the body. Dizziness often joined the nystagmus – oscillations of the eye pupils to share.
The lack of air
This feeling appears due to the irritation of the endings of the phrenic nerve. It is part of the area of the neck nervous of the beam and is involved in the regulation of the breath, its depth and frequency. The patients complain of the inability to breathe. In some cases, the symptom is worsened to dyspnea and the choking. For this reason, there is a cessation of breathing at night and snoring. The lack of oxygen because of breathing problems into account is the cause of the fatigue, decreased concentration and memory problems.
Accompanied by belching of air. Also comes problems with blood circulation in certain parts of the brain and the inner ear. Nausea sometimes observed with an indomitable vomiting, cause the movements of the head and body. A common consequence of nausea and vomiting and economic a decreased appetite, weight loss, dietary insufficiency.
"Flies" in the eyes, dimness of vision, fog before the eyes – it is all of the symptoms resulting from the phase of ischemia of the brain, responsible for vision. The vision of patients with osteochondrosis complain less often, as well as the lack of blood supply of vertebrate offset by the vessels of the cardiovascular system of the board of trustees of the carotid arteries. Glasses and physiotherapy exercises for the muscles of the eyes do not resolve the problem, usually improved vision after treatment of degenerative disc disease.
Horse racing in the blood pressure
Unstable level of pressure due to disturbed blood circulation in the marrow extends, in charge of the function of vaso-skeletal centre.
Sudden fainting, or the state syncopal
Occurs when the arteries spasm unite their efforts in the brain to cause a short cessation of the blood stream of vertebrates to the board of trustees of the arteries. From the state of loss of consciousness of the patient, you can quickly see, after you have prepared for the feet were a little above the head – a rush of blood to the brain allows us to bring the person to life. After the unconscious heart attack, a certain time can be observed convertible problems with speech and movements, the contribution to a brief stoppage of blood flow.
Often, may not be the only sign indicating the pass of the low back pain. Expressed in the form of a drought, the drought and the feeling of lump in throat, difficulty swallowing. The symptomatology associated with the compression of the plexus, responsible for the yohimbine throat. To differentiate these events need to look like to clinical of inflammation or malignancy.
The elevation of the body temperature
The elevation of the temperature of the body for the cervical osteoarthritis is not a typical symptom, are rare and locally in the neck and the region, with a little redness of the skin.
The clinic degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine can be, first, of varying severity, depending on the stage of development of the pathology, also, in periods of exacerbations, they are the brightest, secondly, to form in certain syndromes.
The symptoms depend on the stage of cervical osteoarthritisjpg" class="imgblock right center_mob">
The beginning of degenerative processes in the cartilage of the spinal discs. The symptoms of weakness, sometimes, do not occur quite. The first signs of the degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine:
- discomfort in the neck, the arms, the shoulders, sometimes by rolling in the pain;
- simple limitation of the motor activity of the neck;
- quickly from eye disorders;
- the decreased sensitivity of the skin of the area.
Important: the data the symptoms of economic more pronounced bending of the head.
Generally, the first stage of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine, patients do not consult a doctor, because all the symptoms associated with fatigue, stress, age, lack of sleep.
At this point, begun protrusion in vertebrates intervertebral discs of the slot to contract, collapsing the collagen fibers in the fibrotic ring of the disc. Appear noticeable symptoms of the one-time pain due to the nature of the compression of the nerve trunks, are fortifying with movements of the neck and turn the head. Here, we may suspect osteochondrosis cervical, in which the symptoms of the second stage, the following:
- expressed pain in the neck, sometimes with the crackle;
- the skin of the shoulders and arms will lose sensitivity is almost entirely;
- frequent headaches, a long time does not pass;
- disorders of the eye with "flies" in the eyes;
- buzzing and ringing in the ears;
- the weakness of the muscles of the upper limbs;
- reduces the clarity of reflexes in the tendons;
- the pain pulling of the nature with the impact shoulder blades;
- the sensation of lump in throat, difficulty swallowing;
- sleep disorders, insomnia is usually.
The long period of retention of the head in a position that leads to severe pain. At this stage of development of the disease patients already come to a doctor for help.
Fibrous ring of the disk destroyed, formed of a hernia. In the third phase, one observes a deformation of the spine, the movement and dislocation of the vertebrae due to their low binding. The following symptoms:
- intense, sharp pain in the neck, the region, the region of the heart;
- broken the sensitivity of the skin of the head to the nape of the neck, in the area of the shoulder, by hand, until the complete absence;
- hernia cervical spine;
- paresis and paralysis of the upper limbs;
- deep tendon reflexes practically are not observed.
This is the stage of the disease, when the patient is no longer able to maintain the head independently. Ischemia of the spinal cord and the compression of the arteries unite their efforts spinal leads to paralysis and paresis in other parts of the body and spinal stroke.
The syndromes resulting from osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
The Non-specificity and a wide variety of symptoms that accompany the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, make difficult the diagnosis and subsequent treatment, as some of them can be a sign of most other diseases. The symptoms of cervical arthritis are formed in certain groups, " called syndromes. Their presence and severity may indicate a pathology of the cervical spine with refinement of the localization.
The group common syndromes:
Root. In other words cervical radiculitis. It combines symptoms associated with the attainment of the nerve roots of the cervical spine. Characterized by the "creeps" in the affected area, tingling in the fingers, the arms, swelling of the skin, disseminated on some of the fingers.
Irritative-reflex. Tingling and pain in the nape of the neck and the neck, sometimes with the impact in the chest and the shoulder that occurs at the time of the change of position of the head and neck, sneezing, coughing, and the strong rotation of the head.
The syndrome of the vertebral artery includes:
- headaches, seizures, or permanently, the sporadic;
- the discomfort in some movements, especially after a long static position;
- weakness, nausea, loss of consciousness;
- hearing loss, balance problems;
- the decrease of visual acuity.
Heart. Almost the same picture of angina is often leads to poor diagnosis and treatment. The syndrome appears due to the irritation of receptors of the phrenic nerve, partially exciting pericardial and over the pectoral muscle. Therefore, cramps in the region of the heart are more of as a response to the irritation of the nerves are cervical. Symptoms:
- Suddenly start, duration of pain, aggravated at the sudden movement of the neck, coughing, sneezing, not going when taking cardiac drugs.
- The ECG does not show violations of blood circulation in the heart muscle.
- Sometimes, it can be arrhythmia, and tachycardia.
Vegetative-dystonic syndrome. The subluxation of the first cervical vertebra, with a time lag can result in the development of dystonia. Some of the diagnosis, the SORTING is not, as it has no clear symptoms. May be neurological signs, symptoms of disorders of cerebral blood circulation, horse racing intracranial pressure, muscle spasms. Finally the complaints of patients are reduced to dizziness, decrease of visual acuity, loss of consciousness, headache, nausea.
How to treat osteochondrosis cervical
Describes the state of the spine is a very serious pathology that when the negligence leads to disability and as a result of violations of cerebral circulation, and death. For this reason, the self-treatment in case of onset of symptoms similar to treat them is not worth it. The osteochondrosis is treated in a hospital and at home exclusively by a doctor. In the initial stages of treatment of cervical osteoarthritis, a conservative, including medication destination: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anesthetics, tools, complex of vitamins, chondroprotectors – this relieves inflammation, pain, improves the trophism of soft tissues and cartilage vertebrae.
In the acute phase of the drugs are administered in the form of injections, to measure the decrease of the pain phenomena, the patient spends on the tablet. In the course of the medication is attached to the physiotherapy, massages, THERAPY exercises, generally attributed to the remission phase. In complex cases, the osteochondrosis is treated by a surgical intervention.